Guoxing Optoelectronics (002449): Small-pitch expansion continues to be positive under pressure in the short term

Event: The company released its semi-annual report and achieved total operating income of 16 in the first half of 2019.

26 ppm, a decrease of 8 per year.

87%; net profit attributable to mother 1.

97 ppm, a decrease of 12 per year.南京夜网论坛

39%; net cash flow from operating activities.

51 ppm, an increase of 67 in ten years.


The chip market fluctuates, and performance is under pressure in the short term.

Due to the fierce competition in the chip business, the decline in the price of white light packaging has a certain impact on revenue and profits.

In the first half of 2019, the company’s extension and chip business realized operating income of 34.34 million yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 48.

21%; LED packaging and module products achieved revenue 14.

880,000 yuan, down by 6 every year.


Due to the market impact of chip products, the price of products sold by its subsidiary National Star Semiconductor changed, and the prices of Yaweilang technology products were phased out.

National Star Semiconductor reported a higher net profit of -4,034.

310,000 yuan, a decrease of 287 over the same period last year.

59%; Yaweilang technology net profit -913.

08 million yuan, a decrease of 12 a year.


The small-pitch production expansion continued to advance, with both production capacity and gross profit margin increasing.

The company continued to adjust its product layout. High-margin LED packaging and module products accounted for 91% of revenue during the reporting period.

48%, 2 units higher than the same period last year.

Gross profit margin reached 28.

77%, an increase of 3 over the same period last year.

47 units.

The company is one of the leading companies in the small-pitch LED packaging industry. At present, the small-pitch products are still welcomed by downstream customers, so the gross profit rate has continued to rise.

At present, the volume of the small-pitch LED packaging business is still dependent on the expansion of production capacity. The company released a capacity expansion announcement in the first half of the year. Under the current tight production capacity of small-pitch products, the production capacity of the small-pitch packaging business has gradually increased. We believe that the company’s small-pitch packagingThe LED packaging business can offset the decline brought by the chip and white light business, thereby maintaining a sound development trend.

Grasp the potential of Mini Led and develop multi-domain product layouts.

Mini LED can be used as a backlight. It can achieve small area dimming on tens of thousands of LEDs on the subdivision panel. It can meet the requirements of HDR and high brightness, and also can achieve a special-shaped screen.Weaknesses of burning screen.

As one of the Mini LED leading companies, the company will continue to benefit from the continuous growth of the industry.

At the same time, the company uses LED devices and module products for layout in medical UV, infrared, smart car lights and other sub-fields, which may become a new business growth point.

Investment suggestion: Considering the expansion of the chip and white light business and the expansion of the small-pitch LED packaging business, we have made some adjustments to the profit growth rate.

The company’s net profit for 2019-2021 is expected to be 5 respectively.

3.3 billion, 6.

1.6 billion, 7.

8.7 billion, maintain Buy-A investment rating, 6-month target price is 15.

60 dollars.

Risk Warning: The downstream demand of small-pitch LED is less than expected, the chip market fluctuates, the white light market shifts more than expected, and the capacity expansion is less than expected

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Yanghe shares (002304): Proportion outside the province continued to increase and proactively adjusted to deal with competition

Event: The company achieved operating income of 159 in the first half of 2019.

99 ‰, an increase of 10 per year.

11%; net profit attributable to mother is 55.

82 ppm, an increase of 11 per year.


Q2 revenue was 51.

09 million yuan, an annual increase of 1.

98%; Q2 net profit attributable to mother is 15.

61 ppm, a 10-year increase2.


Active destocking adjustments affected revenue, and the proportion of revenue outside the province further increased the company’s Q2 revenue51.

09 yuan, an annual increase of 2.

0%, the growth rate fell earlier 四川耍耍网 than Q1, mainly due to 1) Haitian series of old and new packaging alternated, the price instability led to increased inventory in the province, the company actively adjusted the scheduling rhythm in the province in May / June.

2) The competition in the province has intensified, and some sub-high-end market shares have been snatched by competing products.

Especially the blue price band of the sea, losing market share.

Accounts received in advance for the second quarter of 201917.

79 trillion, down 1 from the previous month.

94 million, taking into account changes in advance receipts, Q2 sales received 49.

0 billion, down 12 a year.


From a regional perspective, the proportion of revenue outside the province has further increased, and the company achieved 80 in the province in the first half of 2019.

72 ppm, a ten-year increase2.


Realized income outside the province 79.

26 ppm, an increase of 18 in ten years.


Provincial revenue share increased to 49.

5%, an increase of 3 per year.

44 points.

The gross profit margin dropped slightly, and the suspension of stocks affected operating cash flow. From the perspective of terminal research, Dream Blue grew faster than Hai Blue and Sky Blue.

Driven by the gross profit margin of Q1, the company’s gross profit margin was 70 in the first half of the year.

9%, a decline of 0 per year.

6pct, with Q1 falling by more than 2.

5ptc, Q2 exceeded the increase of 2.

8 points.

Expense rate during 2019Q2 is 20.

9%, an increase of 2 per year.

17pct, of which the selling expense ratio is 13.18%, up 1 every year.

77ptc, from an absolute point of view, the growth of two core expenditures, advertising and promotional costs, and staff budgets, drives the increase in sales expenses.

Management expense rate 8.

10%, a decline of 0 every year.

14pct; financial expense ratio is 0.

44%, rising by 0 every year.


The net operating cash flow of the company in Q2 2019 decreased by 171.

69%, historically, Q2’s operating cash flow is regularly negative every year, mainly due to the company’s payment rhythm and rebate policy.

At the same time, Q2’s continuous shutdown also affected cash flow.

Multiple reforms have been carried out to channel inventory. The distributor is actively making multiple reforms. The company is currently implementing multiple reforms and actively responding to market competition, including the establishment of a brand division, strengthening the development of group purchase customers, and a more complete process for performance evaluation.

Beginning in May this year, the company carried out cargo control and destocking for the province’s inland sea and sky series to clean up channel inventory.

In June, it further controlled the cargo and reduced the terminal inventory.

Before the Mid-Autumn Festival, the company adjusted the channel rebate policy of the Hai series, increased the gross profit of the Hai series channels, and promoted the promotion of dealer sales.

At present, the dealers have basically completed the Mid-Autumn Festival, and the payment is more active.

At the same time, the company continued to vigorously promote Dream Blue, and also actively listed high-priced products such as head row wine to lay out high-end markets, and the trend of product structure upgrade gradually continued.

Earnings forecast According to the company’s initial goals, the company plans to increase its operating income by more than 12% in 2019, and the corresponding revenue target is 270.

9.5 billion.

At present, the company has not adjusted its performance targets and is still working on market adjustment in the second half of the year.

We are optimistic about the company’s potential to continuously upgrade its product structure in the trend of high-end liquor and its ability to continuously increase market share in the national layout. It is predicted that the company will enter the adjustment period in 2019, and the expense will be higher in the second half of the year than in the first half.The meeting will initially set a preliminary target and forecast 266 sales revenue in 2019.

76 ppm, an increase of 10 in ten years.

42%, net profit attributable to mother is 90.

52 ppm, an increase of 11 years.

55%, achieving EPS 6.

01 yuan, the current expected corresponding 19 times the valuation.

Given a 23x target estimate, the target price is 138.

23 yuan, maintain BUY rating.

Risks suggest that economic volatility has an impact on sub-high-end consumption, the company’s out-of-province market expansion has fallen short of expectations, and intensified market competition has led to substitution of market share.

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Suning Global (000718): Typical “small and beautiful” real estate enterprises with excellent soil reserves and stable cash flow
The company’s core highlights are: a. Rich 天津夜网 and high quality soil reserves (high profitability), low interest resistance and stable cash flow; b. The margin of safety is significant, and the current market value is about 45% discount to NAV; c. The company actively gives back to shareholders, and the company’s 18 years of repurchase amount4.5.3 billion, dividends of about 8.6.8 billion (dividend rate of 85%), 19 years of repurchase amount5.470,000 yuan, a conservative estimate that the 19-year dividend rate of 50% corresponds to a potential dividend rate of over 5%.In addition, the new business is proceeding cautiously and steadily, with little capital consumption.Maintain “Highly Recommended-A” investment rating and target price of 4.94 yuan / share (25% discount to NAV). (1) The soil reserve is rich and high-quality. Thanks to the low land value and the preferential classification of half of the land reserve, the profitability is very strong.In the past two years, the company has generally maintained a scale of 3 billion to 4 billion, without new land, and the settlement profit has maintained a scale of 1-12 billion.As of H1 in 2019, the company’s unfinished construction area is about 3.2 million square meters (equity ratio of 100%), corresponding to an unfinished value of about 58 billion yuan. Structurally, Nanjing / Wuhu / Shanghai accounted for 68% / 19% / 6% (construction).Surface) caliber), of which the construction area of Nanjing Venice Water City alone accounted for 52%, and the total value of the goods is based on the 18-year sales volume. It is realized that the development has been rich for more than 10 years, and the soil reserves are rich for many years.Before the acquisition, the floor price was low, and the Nanjing Venice Water City plot benefited from the interest rate preferential policy for subsequent land acquisition. The relative increase in the tax increase rate of the land delivered, gradually reducing the trend of house prices, and driving the company’s settlement gross profit / net interest rate to continue to improve.The 18-year comprehensive net profit margin is as high as 30%, and this high profitability is expected to continue. (2) “Strive for stability while progressing” orderly promote industrial transformation and upgrading.One. As for the sports industry, the layout of the industrial chain has been initially completed.Specifically, Wen Chan Group actively promoted the construction of a comprehensive platform for artworks and began to take shape; the performance effect of Suning Art Museum was prominent; Hongyi Culture positioned itself as a film and television culture and entertainment agent, and its affiliated artists were incorporated into the formation of international men’s groups through variety shows.b. In terms of the medical beauty industry, we are focusing on building Suya’s medical beauty brand positioning and upgrading, and appropriately adjusting and improving its business strategy. Currently, there are about 5 stores, which are still in the cultivation stage. They have been slightly reduced but are still manageable. (3) The volume of interest-bearing debt is small and the financial structure is extremely stable.As of the end of the third quarter, the company had an interest rate of approximately US $ 3 billion, an increase of approximately US $ 900 million (mainly long-term borrowing) compared with the end of last year; the company had approximately US $ 2.3 billion in cash on hand, a decrease of approximately US $ 600 million from the end of last yearThis caused the net debt ratio in 19Q3 to increase to 9% compared with the end of 18, but it still belongs to the industry’s extremely low level; the protection ratio of cash against spot interest resistance at the end of the third quarter was as high as 2.7 times, the company’s financial structure is extremely stable. Maintain “Highly Recommended-A” investment rating and target price of 4.94 yuan / share.The company’s core highlights are: a.Rich and high quality soil reserves (high profitability), low interest resistance and stable cash flow; b. The margin of safety is significant. The company’s outstanding value of nearly 60 billion yuan, assuming an average settlement net interest rate of about 28%, is discounted based on 8-10 years of development, and considering the compound annual growth rate of 4%, it can roughly contribute to the assessment of value added.120 billion US dollars, equivalent to nearly 7.8 billion US dollars of equity net assets, equivalent to a net asset value of about 20 billion US dollars, the current market value is about 45% discounted from the net asset value; c. The company actively gives back to shareholders, and the company’s 18 years of repurchase amount4.5.3 billion, dividends of about 8.6.8 billion (dividend rate of 85%), 19 years of repurchase amount5.470,000 yuan, assuming that the scale of the 19-year repurchase and dividend payout has remained at the level of 18 years, it means that the 19-year dividend rate has reached 68%, and even a 50% dividend rate may reach a dividend rate of over 5%.In addition, the new business is proceeding cautiously and steadily, with little capital consumption.It is expected that EPS for 2019-2021 will be 0.37, 0.39, 0.40 yuan / share, the corresponding PE is 10 respectively.1X, 9.7X, 9.2x, maintain “Highly Recommended-A” investment rating, target price 4.94 yuan / share (25% discount to NAV). Risk Warning: The conversion effect is less than expected, and the dividend rate is less than expected.

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Tower Group (002233) 2018 Annual Report Comments: Volume and Price Rise, Beautiful Performance, Incentive Plan Upgrade Shows Confidence

Event: The company released its 2018 annual report and achieved revenue of 66 in 18 years.

300 million yuan, an increase of 45.

27%, net profit attributable to mother 17.

21 trillion, with an increase of 138.

7%; of which Q4 achieved revenue of 21 in a single quarter.

07 billion, an increase of 38.

44%, net profit attributable to mother 4.

7.4 billion, an increase of 119.


The company paid zero dividend per share in 2018.

85 yuan (mid-term 0.

42 at the end.


Opinion: Benefiting from infrastructure and rural demand in eastern Guangdong, the volume and price of 18Q4 have risen at the same time.

Due to the company’s employee stock ownership plan, management expenses are accrued to 0.

8.7 billion, the company’s performance is slightly lower than the median of the three quarterly results guidance.

According to our calculations, the company’s sales volume in the fourth quarter of 2018 increased by 584, an annual increase of 19.

4%, with an average budget of 336 yuan, an increase of 48 per year.

5 yuan / ton, gross profit per ton is 129 yuan / ton, surpassing the increase of 38.

5 yuan, 74 tons net profit.

2 yuan / ton, temporarily increased by 33 yuan / ton.

18 years ago, the company’s cement sales volume was around 1795, an increase of 15.

7%, an average of 344 yuan / ton per pound, exceeding US $ 72 / ton, gross profit per ton of 144 yuan / ton, surging by 61 yuan / ton, replacing the cost increase caused by previous line depreciation (expected to be 9 yuan / ton),The company’s ton cost increased by 3 yuan / ton in 2018, mainly due to the increase in raw material and transportation costs.

Benefiting from the construction of the Greater Bay Area and strong rural demand, the supply and demand pattern in eastern Guangdong remained good in 2018. At the same time, the launch of the company’s conduit line enabled the company to fully enjoy the dividend of volume and price, leading the industry in sales growth; good cash flow and balance sheetStrong.

The company’s 18-year operating net cash flow26.

2 ppm is 1 of net profit.

5 times, most of the accounts receivable and bills dropped sharply to 1.

55 trillion, the turnover days decreased significantly from 33 days in 2017 to 8.

4 days, reflecting the company’s good cash management capabilities.

As of the end of 2018, the company’s asset-liability ratio remained at 17.

A low of 9% and no interest denial, thus breaking through the foundation for the company’s long-term development.

It will remain strong in 2019, and the reform of employee stock ownership plans shows confidence.

Despite the slower-than-expected start of demand in southern China in rainy weather, the company’s sales in the first two months of 2019 benefited from strong demand in eastern Guangdong, and the price was not significantly affected; meanwhile, the company expects the second alternative line powder in mid-2019The mill will be put into production, and the clinker kiln tail will be put into operation, which will cause the company’s sales to increase steadily in 2019.

On March 11, the company announced an updated employee shareholding plan, which increased the maximum accrual ratio based on the company’s annual comprehensive income from 5% to 10%, demonstrating the company’s confidence in future development; the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay AreaVibrating medium-term demand.

According to our relevant statistics, the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area is no less in economic volume than the New York, San Francisco, and Tokyo Big Bay Areas, and has the potential to develop into a first-class Bay Area.We judge that infrastructure investment based on interconnection will become an important carrier for the construction of the Bay Area.

Since February, the construction of Shenzhen and Dongguan’s Dawan District projects has started intensively, indicating that related construction has been accelerated, and the Tower Group Huizhou plant will benefit significantly.

At the same time, considering that Guangdong’s real estate has a low dependence on shed reform monetization (0.
63%), we believe that the local real estate market is affected by the continuous tightening of this round of factors, and demand in the potential will remain stable.
Therefore, we believe that in response to the continuous advancement of the construction of the Bay Area, the cement demand in South China will continue to grow steadily in the medium and long term; investment advice: Based on the more cautious forecast of the industrial structure of the South China region and the company’s investment income, we maintain our profit forecast unchanged.

We estimate the company’s net profit attributable to mothers to be 18-20.

4.4 billion and 21.

41 trillion, corresponding to 1, respectively.

55 yuan and 1.

8 yuan; maintain target price of 15.

3 yuan, maintain “Buy” rating.

Risk warning: the scale of investment in fixed assets is expanded, and the limit of production is less than expected;

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Are you cold or are you roommates?

Anatomy of love step one: face reality.

If you are looking for that kind of sex life in the first few years.

Making a new partner is certainly not the answer.

Today, three years later, you still have to face the same situation.

  Sally Forli said the director of the University of Michigan’s Center for Sexual Health, she is the author of Modern Love and Sex and Love for Adults.
  Take stock of what you want to do, she suggests.

If you want to have sex, find ways to make it happen, Forli said.

“When people are recovering after their lives, not everyone wants to have sex, but research by the American Association of Retirees shows that 65% of women are still sexually active.

“Set aside the romantic definition of sex on the screen.

“Most middle-aged people already have enough sexual experience,” said Ferry.

They have sex on a regular basis, they lie in bed, hug and touch, and at the same time, they use these as the basic interactions of sex.

  You should also not have a negative attitude towards your spouse.

“You have to give up the illusion that he or she is suddenly 10kg lighter and has no excess meat. You have to make a decision, ‘This is what I want, how do I proceed,'” she advised.

  Then talk to your spouse.

You have to be willing to say to your partner: “We have to excite our sex life, we have closed some bad habits, and I don’t want to go on like this, we need to make a change.

“Sex schedule is the time you listed your sex schedule.

Make it an activity, daily exercise-no matter what time of day you choose.

After all, sexual health is an important part of overall health.

  ”Sexuality is very important to a partner’s feelings. It is no doubt that couples who have sex tend to feel closer and closer.

“When you’re over 40, you have a certain” habit or lost “feeling, she said.

“It means you have to do this every day, and every day you have to be intimate together. It doesn’t mean that you take off your clothes and have sex when you are intimate. You even have enough time to be alone.

“Fall in love again to get rid of sex, you have to make time for the other party.

“If you are bored, you can figure out your partner may be bored,” “think about what makes your life alive.

Do something that will excite you.

“Take cooking lessons together, canoe or dance together.

“Share each other’s interests,” she said.

Work together to find new interests.

Single people can follow their own interests.

You should not let your partner go to class alone.

“Couples should also develop a” sexual style. “Most people think that sex will be wonderful if they have found a lover and soul mate.

Early premarital sex is basically having sex with a stranger. This is to let your partner know you and get closer.

Marriage sex can be hot if you and your partner can build an intimate sexual style.

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Bedtime Story: Mr. Bear’s Yawn

Mr. Xiong’s honey shop not only brings delicious honey to everyone, but also brings another thing.

This thing can’t be touched and can’t be seen, it is: yawn.

  Mr. Bear always yawns and sells honey to customers.

  ”He’s too hard!

“Mr. Donkey bought a can of canola flower honey, and yawned by the way,” Ahhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhhh be bhhhhhhh since there is no day or night, how can you stop yawning!

“Mr. Bear’s yawn is so big!”

“Mrs. Raccoon bought a can of ziyunying honey, followed by a long yawn,” I’ve all seen his throat, ah . “” Will Mr. Bear’s yawn . Ah . “Mr. Fox rolled his eyes and yawned,” I mean, is it contagious?

I heard that yawning is like a cold.

“Rice, I have an idea .” Listening to the customers’ discussions, Taotao seemed to have a good idea. “Let’s help Mr. Xiong, okay?

“Okay, how can I help?

Rice grain asked.

  Tao Tao came to the ears of rice grains and quietly said something.

  ”This, this . is this appropriate?

“” I think Mr. Xiong will like it.

“Taotao is confident.

  The next day, Taotao and Rice Grain walked into Mr. Xiong’s honey shop.

  ”You . ah .” Mr. Xiong asked while yawning. “What do you want?”

“We don’t need anything,” Taotao said, “but we have a suggestion.

“Ah . what’s the suggestion?”

“You see, this is the Strawberry spaceship,” Taotao took the inflatable spacecraft from his backpack. “We suggest you take it and go outside to see where there is a better sea of flowers.Good honey.

“It’s a good idea,” Mr. Xiong was pleased, “but I won’t drive a spaceship.”

“It’s okay,” Taotao assured Mr. Xiong with a pat on the chest. “You just sit there and don’t do anything.”

We help you look at the shop.

“The Strawberry spacecraft took Mr. Bear to the sky.

Mr. Xiong snorted loudly as soon as he lay down.

It turned out that Taotao had set an automatic flight program for Strawberry and also set up a passenger sleep system.

  Unexpectedly, after Mr. Xiong left, everyone’s yawn also disappeared.

  Mr. Hippo came to buy honey and yawned when he left.

  Mr. Fox said, “Strange, why don’t I yawn?

“Yeah, I won’t fight anymore.

“Mr. Donkey added.

  ”Why can’t I fight?

“Mrs. Raccoon blinked.

  ”I’m here to tell you,” Migraine ran over. “Yawning is really related to Mr. Xiong. When he yawns, you also follow him; now Mr. Xiong is not home, so you don’t yawn.

“” When will Mr. Xiong be back?

“Mr. Ma asked with concern, opened his mouth and yawned unsuccessfully.” Without Mr. Xiong’s yawn, the taste of honey seems to be different.

“Yeah, yeah, then it’s not Mr. Xiong’s honey!”

Everyone said together.  Then, let Mr. Xiong and the Strawberry ship go home, and Taotao winked at the rice grain.

  Strangely: Mr. Xiong not only didn’t yawn less when he fell asleep, but he became more and more severe.

When the snowflakes were falling, Mr. Xiong could no longer support him, and he was going to hibernate.

  ”Ah .” Mr. Xiong yawned for the last long yawn. “Taotao, rice noodles . can you continue to help me?

Next spring, I will definitely wake up on time. At that time, I will invite you to drink honey.
Grunt, grunt . “Mr. Xiong fell asleep before he finished speaking.

  ”It turns out that Mr. Xiong has concentrated his sleeping time in one year into winter, and it is no wonder that he always yawns.

“Taotao said, and couldn’t help yawning.

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Spring diet, anti-cold spring

In the whole year of the year, the most variable changes in meteorological elements such as temperature, airflow, and pressure are spring.

Spring is a season of change.

It is often a clear sky during the day, warm and comfortable, but it is cold and chilly in the morning and evening. This is what is commonly called “downhill cold.”

Therefore, spring is the prone season for influenza.

How to deal with the “cold spring” in the spring?

What to eat against the “cold spring”?

The following is a brief introduction for everyone.

  First, vegetables include: fresh, canned (without seasoning, glutinous, sugar and other additives) vegetables; tomato sauce.

  Note: Vegetables cannot be combined with non-core foods (fried vegetables and beans, oil-soaked vegetables, candied vegetables, etc. are not core foods); vegetable juices are not core foods.

  Second, the fruit includes: fresh, canned (non-sugar) fruits.

  Explanation: If the canned food must be soaked in water or pure juice (non-sugar water), soaked juice water can not be eaten; dried fruit (apricot, dried peach, dried banana, etc.) is not considered a core food; juice is not a core food.

  Third, rhizomes medical researchers found that people are afraid of cold and the lack of inorganic salts in the body.

Carrots, lilies, hawthorn, green vegetables, Chinese cabbage and other rich in inorganic salts, such foods do not hinder the substitution of other foods.

  Fourth, pepper contains capsaicin, ginger contains aromatic volatile oil, and pepper contains piperine.

  For example, pepper can stimulate appetite, increase digestion, speed up heartbeat, and the distal capillaries expand, and the blood flowing to the body surface increases. Therefore, eating pepper in winter can resist cold, and can prevent joint pain, waist and leg pain caused by involvement.And stomach deficiency syndrome.

  Fifth, the meat is better for dogs, lamb, beef, and venison.

These contain high levels of protein, protein and fat, which are beneficial to kidney and yang, warm and warm, and qi and activating blood.

Eating these meats can accelerate the metabolism of yang deficiency and enhance the endocrine function, thus achieving the effect of protecting the cold.


Mutton: Sexually sweet and warm, rich in trace amounts, protein, impurities, inorganic salts and calcium, phosphorus, iron and other nutrients, warming tonic, appetizing spleen, kidney and liver, cold and dampness effect, has always beenIt is used to protect the cold in winter and to improve the aphrodisiac.

Regular eating in winter can protect the gastrointestinal mucosa, increase the secretion of digestive enzymes, and promote digestion and absorption.


Dog meat: Sexual warmth and sweetness, can be safe for the five internal organs, warm waist and knees, warm kidney and impotence, good governance of spleen and stomach deficiency.

In winter, regular food is good for cold back, cold feet and weak constitution.

  Sixth, iron-rich food Researchers at the US Federal State University found that iron deficiency in human blood is also cold.

  Anemia women have lower body temperature than women with normal hemoglobin.

At 7 ° C, the heat production is 13% less. When the iron supplement is added, its cold resistance is obviously enhanced.

  Therefore, women who are afraid of cold can consciously increase the intake of foods with high iron content, such as animal liver, lean meat, spinach, egg yolk and so on.

  Seven, iodine-containing food kelp, seaweed, sea salt, hair, sea bream, medlar, Chinese cabbage, spinach, corn and other iodine-containing foods can promote the secretion of thyroid hormones.

  Thyroid hormone has a heat-generating effect, which can accelerate the oxidation process of tissue cells in the body (except the brain, gland, and uterus), increase the heat production, increase the basal metabolic rate, strengthen the blood circulation of the skin, and resist cold and cold.

  Eight, skim milk products and other formulas include: skim milk, skim cheese, skimmed sugar-free yogurt; soy milk, tofu and beans without additives.

  Explanation: All foods made from all the above ingredients, including milkshakes and hot chocolate, must be sugar-free and low-calorie, which can be consumed once a day.

  Nine, soups include: fresh, frozen, canned (no additives, glutinous, sugar and other additives) broth.

  Explanation: Western cream soup and concentrated broth are not considered core foods.

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Everyone is a little depressed

Everyone has a bit of depression. In the first movie “A face and B face” about “mental illness”, there was a line saying “Everyone is a bit mentally ill.”Not without reason.

Look at the tragedies caused by psychological problems around us. Corporate executives end their lives due to depression. Depressed mothers abandon their biological children. A female auditor in Chongqing is too worried about “discussing people who violate discipline” and has to watchPsychologists . “Depressed, unhappy, and unwilling to work” seems to be the norm in life.

A psychological survey of interventions in Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangzhou showed that more than 80% of people think they are often unhappy, and 70% say they have suffered from depression.

Life, work, and interpersonal pressures put a lot of weight on our hearts, and we can’t push them.

The latest research published in the journal Nature by psychiatrist Andreas Meyer and other psychiatrists at the German Central Institute of Mental Health found that the stress of modern life makes the brain’s ability to withstand, and it is more prone to anxiety, depression, and attention.Damage and other issues.

At the same time, the fast-paced life makes it difficult for us to breathe and even lose the necessary psychological adjustment opportunities.

Even if there are real psychological fluctuations and distortions, I am too busy to feel and discover it.

“There is always a telephone ringing and there are always things to remember.” No wonder some netizens ridiculed, “Easy life, easy life, just life is not easy.”

Therefore, in such an environment, depression may be noticed on everyone.

Professors from the Shanghai Center for Psychiatric Clinic Medicine said that about 13% -20% of people may have a depression experience in their lifetime.

According to incomplete statistics, patients with depression worldwide have reached at least 1.


Occupational groups with high stress and long-term mental stress, women in hormonal changes such as menstruation, postpartum, and menopause, lonely elderly people in the empty nest, and people who experience adverse life events such as divorce, unemployment, poverty, are more vulnerable to depression.
“Everyone is a little depressed,” revealing a sigh for modern life, but we can change our lifestyle.

First, take the courage, recognize your inner needs, do not compete with yourself, do not compare with others, and choose the life you want.

Basically, lowering the material needs and expectations of oneself may be more satisfying and pleasant in spirit.

In the end, take a few thoughts and keep adding something to your life.

For example, telling a little joke and treating frustration with Ah Q’s spirit may change the mood of depression.

Of course, if you are really staring at depression, feel depressed for at least two consecutive weeks, have no interest in doing anything, do n’t sleep well, do n’t sleep well, you must find out early, intervene early, and go to a mental clinic or psychiatric hospitalSeek cure.


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White pepper red jujube pills can cure stomach cold pain

In the winter, the hypertensive tract is prone to contractile contraction due to cold stimulation, and the resistance is weakened.

In the summer and autumn, some people who ate cold drinks, the phenomenon of weakened spleen and stomach function in winter, is highlighted, often manifested as stomach pain, stool and so on.

Here are a few effective winter warm stomach medicinal diets that patients can choose based on their own situation.

  Jujube jujube porridge 150 grams of mutton, 10 grams of astragalus, 10 red dates (nuclear), galangal 5 grams, 100 grams of glutinous rice, add water to the amount of porridge, seasoning.

This porridge has the effect of warming yang, tonifying Qi and strengthening the stomach. It can treat cold stomach pain and limbs chills embolism.

  The squid draws 1000 grams of live squid, 10 grams of Amomum villosum L., 10 grams of dried tangerine peel, 2 heads of garlic, 10 grams of pepper and soaked pepper, onion, salt, and soy sauce.

Remove the squid from the scales, sputum and internal organs, and fill the fish belly with dried tangerine peel, Amomum villosum, garlic, pepper, pickled pepper, onion, salt, soy sauce, etc., then fry the fish in a frying pan and put a proper amount of water.Stewed into a stew.

This sputum has the effect of waking the spleen and warming the stomach, and can treat chronic diarrhea and chronic ulcer disease embolism of spleen and stomach deficiency.

  Grass, soybean meal, black-bone chicken, take about 500 grams of black-bone chicken, wash hair and viscera, add 5 grams of grass and cardamom into the chicken belly, seal the top with bamboo sticks, add water to the amountCooked and seasoned.

This diet has the effect of warming the stomach, replenishing the spleen and dampness, and relieving pain. It can treat spleen and stomach, cold stool, diarrhea, and loss of appetite.

  White pepper red jujube pills take 7 jujubes, and put 7 white peppers in each. They are tied with wire, steamed, and then smashed into mung bean-sized meat balls, taking 7-10 pills each time.

This pill has the effect of warming the stomach and blood, and can treat stomach cold pain.

  Cinnamon mountain scorpion drink 6 grams of cinnamon, 10 grams of hawthorn meat, 30 grams of brown sugar.

First fry the hawthorn, then add the cinnamon, fry the juice, filter out the juice, add brown sugar, and mix well with the hot drink.

This drink has the effect of warming the stomach and dispelling cold, and can treat the stomach pain of eating cold.

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How to prevent mental aging in the elderly

Modern mental health science research points out that people’s physical appearance and physical function change into old age, which can become old and degraded. This is a natural law that is difficult for humans to reverse.

But the mind can’t age, always feel youthful, energetic and confident.

“Let the elderly rejuvenate forever” is a famous saying that cuts the shortcomings.

  Human body aging can not be controlled and changed, but people’s psychological aging can be self-regulating and controlling, which is the result of exerting subjective initiative and self-mental health care.

The feeling of psychological deterioration makes people accelerate their physiological decline, their depression is overwhelming, their illnesses are overwhelming, their lives are lacking in fun, they become inferior and inferior, they do nothing, and they seriously damage the health and longevity of the elderly.

This is a taboo for the elderly’s self-psychological care.


What is psychological deterioration?

  Some people are healthy and have no signs of serious illness and physical decline, but they feel old-fashioned, weak and weak, energy is not enough, thinking is slow, old eyes are dim, and suffocating, they think they have become “waste” and family in society.Tired of.

When faced with difficulties and unsatisfactory things in life, I feel that I can’t overcome them, I can’t do anything, I’m burdened with thoughts, and I’m immersed in the situation of failure and frustration.

Lack of interest in life, indifference to people, near numbness, emptiness and boring.

Interpersonal relationships are alienated, and they are living in isolation.

Such people are often uncontested with the world, negatively treating life and the world, being indecisive, self-satisfied, doing nothing, and losing social responsibility.


How to prevent “preventing psychological deterioration”?

  1 Raise awareness, understand the danger of psychological aging, and cultivate optimistic and cheerful, broad-minded and “disobedient old” thinking.

People’s psychological activities are all related to cognition. Only when the understanding is improved and the reason is clear, can we talk about the idea that “people are old and not old” and that they are old-fashioned.

  2 establish a positive attitude towards life.

Life seems to be a stage of life, even a protagonist, a tragedy comedy, but as long as a positive attitude is established, anyone can make a useful contribution.

The negative life attitude of “floating as a dream” can easily lead to psychological deterioration.

Everyone must have an ideal pursuit and a life goal, and hope to struggle for the rest of their lives, never stop, so that they will not feel that life is poor, boring.

  3 diligent and eager to learn, actively use the brain, read the Expo, can delay brain aging.

  4 Be good at adjusting your emotions to the best condition and cultivate good emotions.

  5 Always curious about life and nature is a good way to prevent mental aging.

Curiosity is the attitude of accepting new things and seeking an active and positive attitude towards life.

Life is endless and activities are not limited.

  6 rich life content, cultivate a variety of interests, focus and study and seek fun and activities from hobbies.

  7Do you always do it, move your body, don’t be too lazy to do things, create conditions to participate in social activities that you can, broaden your friends, and get in touch with society.

  Finally, we must understand the philosophy of life: “The human life always has its end, but the wisdom and talents of human beings will last forever.”

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